Alert: Beware of fraudulent websites and phishing scams. Learn more.

image description

Al Taweelah alumina refinery

Al Taweelah alumina refinery was the first in the United Arab Emirates and only the second in the Middle East. It began production in 2019.

The plant converts bauxite into alumina, the feedstock for aluminium smelters. Al Taweelah alumina refinery meets almost half of our alumina requirements, securing EGA’s competitive supply of this important raw material.

Al Taweelah alumina refinery is located next to our Al Taweelah smelter. Alumina is transferred to storage and then into the smelter by a system of conveyor belts.

Al Taweelah alumina refinery converts more than five million tonnes of bauxite into over two million tonnes of alumina per year.


Temperatures in some parts of the alumina refining process exceed 1,000 degrees Celsius. Pressure in some sections is 100x atmospheric pressure.

Al Taweelah alumina refinery has a sophisticated control room with three times as many instruments as the most advanced airliner.


Millions of tonnes of materials are transported each year at the refinery by an 8,150 metre conveyor.

There are 222 different tanks, with a total volume of 350,000m3 – equivalent volume to 140 Olympic-sized swimming pools.


The plant has some 9,500 separate instruments, enough piping to stretch from Abu Dhabi to Muscat, and enough cabling to stretch from Abu Dhabi to Cairo.

The storage capacity of the bauxite shed at Al Taweelah alumina refinery is 450,000 tonnes – the same weight as the Burj Khalifa.


Al Taweelah alumina refinery delivered a world-class ramp-up, exceeding nameplate capacity just two years after start-up.

The plant is 1.4 square kilometres, big enough for 200 football fields.


Bauxite residue is washed, pressed into a dry cake, and transported to a dedicated area for managed storage. EGA is researching viable uses for this by-product of alumina refining.

Building the UAE’s first alumina refinery

Al Taweelah alumina refinery was built as part of our strategic expansion upstream in the aluminium value chain, creating new revenue streams for EGA and securing the competitive supply of raw materials we need.
Learn more about the construction of Al Taweelah alumina refinery.